It illustrates how teams in different fields undergo five similar stages of group development. Understanding the stages of team development enables you to build successful and high-performing teams. This stage of team development is crucial and it is suggested that teams in the forming stage participate in team-building activities . The below list is a non-exhaustive list of behaviors and outcomes that characterize this phase and which high performing team’s generally complete.
- While some teams think they can skip this stage, it’s important to dive into it with the expectation that there may be some conflict.
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- Within the team, members will develop an appreciation for each other as well as build trust.
- Of course, you can only move on to this more pleasant stage if you’ve addressed and answered all the vital questions from the previous, Storming Stage.
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Using the Stages of Team Development
Understanding Tuckman’s development process can increase your chances of reaching project goal. Some teams skip over the storming stage or try to avoid conflict at whatever cost. It’s essential during the storming phase to reduce frustrations arising from your operations process.
It also precipitates team learning, which is the process of gathering, discussing, and rolling out the strategies for team success. Team learning can happen through group initiatives, innovative leadership, and training and is essential in ensuring healthy team development. The norming stage is when the entire team starts to work as a cohesive unit. By now, team members have figured out a strategy for working together.
There is a sense of cohesion and unity and this allows for the team to work functionally together towards the end goal. At this point, performance increase https://globalcloudteam.com/ as the team begins to cooperate and focus on the goals. Group development involves forming and operating a productive team towards a shared goal.
A plants ideas and energy may decrease quickly if there are too many monitor evaluators as these people will motivate the plants by constantly pointing out the flaws in their ideas. Accordingly, groups become more mature, more organized, and more well-functioning during this performing stage. With a stable and well-defined group structure, group members engage with the group’s overall mission and objectives. While there is still a chance of problems and conflict, members can now deal with them more constructively and systematically.
Team Norms and Cohesiveness
Teams that want to enter the performing stage should take the following action steps during the norming stage. Every informal group has a leader, selected by the group, and who is capable of helping to realize their goals. The moment it is realized that the leader is incapable, he is replaced with a new leader. In formal groups, roles are always predetermined and assigned to members.
They likely will need strong guidance from a group leader to define the project and provide clear direction regarding the team roles and responsibilities. Without this early guidance, the team may never get off the ground. Sometimes the efforts may be driven by a common goal that may compliment or work against the goals of the formal group.
Adjourning — Success! You made it
Even so, they’ll still need to collaborate and divide roles and responsibilities to ensure the project gets completed on time. Team development is the structured process of bringing together a group of diverse individuals and teaching them to appreciate their differences as they work towards a shared goal. Teams cannot exist indefinitely if there is overarching goal to achieve. Tuckman added the adjourning stage as a final stage to his four stage process. Therefore, this stage is sometimes referred to as the mourning stage by teams that must break up. The storming stage of team development is a time for team members’ ideas are considered and in competition.
While the forming stage is useful in establishing objectives, members rarely branch out from their individual roles. During this period of team formation, it’s critical that the leader encourages members to go outside of the comfort zone and explore new ways of working together. Returning to the marketing team example, the group originally formed a cohesive group that clearly outlined its goals and assigned roles to each of its members. However, during the storming phase, the group begins to lose focus as two strong leaders attempt to control the group.
Five Stage Model of Group Development
These situations can often be the cause of frustration, anxiety, and burnout for one or all members involved in the group (Mastering 5 Stages, n.d.). Members of a flustered and frustrated group can look at the 5 stages and use the behaviours that they’re exhibiting or general feelings of the group to track their progress within the five stages. Tuckman’s use of identifying what are the four stages of group development words such as coping, anticipation, dissatisfaction, and optimism gives members groups the tools to recognize their stage of development. They can begin working toward fixing any current issues or decide if they are ready to move on to the next stage of development . Performing is where the team members have learned to efficiently coordinate and resolve conflicts.